The Effects of Total Physical Response-Story Telling to Teach Vocabulary to Improve Elementary Students’ Vocabulary Achievement

Luh Arumdiah Rosita Dewi


Having sufficient vocabulary is very important in order to be
able to listen, speak, read and write. However, many teachers still neglect
it. As a result, many students get difficulty in improving their language
skills because of the limited number of vocabulary items they have
acquired. Because of that, it is important to enrich students’ vocabulary
achievement by implementing an effective technique to teach vocabulary.
This study was conducted to find out the effectiveness of Total Physical
Response-Story Telling to teach vocabulary to improve Elementary
students’ vocabulary achievement. It was a quasi-experimental study. The
writer used two groups, pretest-posttest design. The experimental group
was taught by using Total Physical Response-Story Telling (TPR-S) while
the control group was taught by using translation. The research
instrument in this study was the vocabulary test that consisted of 50
multiple-choice items that the students had to finish in 90 minutes. Then,
she set the level of significance which was 0.05. Finally, she analyzed the
data by using Mann Whitney U Test. From the results of the research, it
showed that TPR-S gave significant influence to improve students’
vocabulary development. The students who were taught by using TPR-S
obtained higher vocabulary achievement than those who were taught by
using translation. Therefore, the research suggested to the teachers of
“MIMI” Elementary School use TPR-S as their teaching technique to
teach vocabulary in their classroom. It also suggested the students not
only to review the new vocabulary they have learned but also to apply it
in their daily life so that they will not forget it easily.

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