Teachers’ Management In Planning and Implementing for the Success of EFL Learning

Absharini Kardena


Group work as one of teaching techniques on the framework of communicative approach is believed to be an effective model for building students’ communicative competence. The process of applying this technique needs high skills of management of an English teacher. The English teacher has autonomy to plan and implement the group work in order to achieve an objective of EFL learning. Since the autonomy handled by the teacher, any decisions and actions taken should be considered for assuring the success of EFL learning. The teachers’ management in planning and implementing group work influenced the successful of this teaching technique. This article, which is derived and further developed based on research conducted in 2013, analyzes and discusses the way the teachers plan and implement group work for the success of EFL learning at MAN Kota Solok. The research was conducted in terms of qualitative research by involving 5 English teachers at MAN kota Solok. The research found that the teachers still needs some guidance and improvements in planning and implementing group work for students at MAN Kota Solok

Save to Mendeley


management; planning; implementing; group; work

Full Text:



Alexander, Marc. 2000. ‘How to Plan and Organize the Work of a Team’. (Online). Retrieved on 31 August 2010 from www.howtodothings.com.

Aman. Darul. 2005. ‘The Effect of Small Group works Discussion and Language Learning Strategies on English Speaking Class at SMAN 1 Nan Sabaris Padang Pariaman’. (Unpublished Thesis). Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang.

Biehler, Snowman. 1997. ‘Psychology Applied to Teaching’. Houghton Mifflin Company. (Online). Retrieved on 19 August 2010 from http://college.cengage.com/education/pbl/tc/coop.htm.

Black, Kathryn. 2008. ‘Giving and Receiving Feedback’. (Online). Retrieved on 31 August 2010 from www.learning.ox.ac.uk/rsv.php?page=319.

Bloom, Benjamin and Gardner, Howard. 2002. ‘Group works’. (Online). Retrieved on 31 August 2010 from www.edsw.usyd.edu.au.

Brooks, Ashley. 2010. ‘The Best Way for Teachers to Organize Group works’. (Online). Retrieved on 31 August 2010 from www.psy.gla.ac.uk/~steve/feedback.html.

Brown, H. Douglas. 1994. Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regents.

Cohen, Elizabeth. 1994. ‘Designing Group works: Strategies for the Heterogeneous Classroom’. (Online). Retrieved on 28 December 2009 from www.julieboyd.com.au/ILF/pages/members/designgrpwork.pdf.

Cookes, Graham and C.Chaudron. 1991. ‘Teaching english as a second language or foreign language’. (pp:49-58). In Celce Murcia (ed). Guidelines for Classroom Language Teaching: second edition. New York: Newbury House.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Davis, Barbara. 2009. ‘Classroom organization’. (Online). Retrieved on 31 August 2010 from www.brighthub.com/education/k-12/articles/21256.aspx.

Deckert, Glenn. 2004. ‘The communicative approach: addressing frequent failure’. (Online). Retrieved on 28 December 2009 from www.englishjournal.com.

Evertson, Carolyn M. 1984. Classroom Management for Elementary Teachers. New jersey: prentice Hall, Inc.

Harmin, Merril. 1994. Inspiring Active Learning: a Handbook for Teachers. Virginia: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Hayden, Kellie. 2010. ‘Tips for Organizing Groups for Group works’. (Online). Retrieved on 31 August 2010 from www.ehow.com.

Kizlik, Robert. 2010. ‘Classroom management, management of student conduct, effective praise guidelines, and a few things to know about esol thrown in for good measure’. (Online). Retrieved on 1 July 2010 from http://www.adprima.com/managing.htm.

Laoli. Adelia. 2008. ‘The effect of interactive strategies on the student’s English reading comprehension at SMA Negeri 2 Gunung Sitoli’. (Unpublished Thesis). Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang.

McDonough, Jo. 1993. Materials and Method in ELT. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publisher.

Nation. 1989. ‘Group works’. (Online). Retrieved on 28 December 2009 from www.victoria.pdf.com.

Nunan, David. 2003. Practical English Language Teaching. Boston: McGrawhill.

Nunan, David. 1998. Language Teaching Methodology. Longman: Edinburgh.

Nurtita. 2007. ‘Improving students’ motivation and speaking skill through small group’. (Unpublished Thesis). Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang.

Patton, Quinn. 1990. Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. 2nd ed. London: Sage Publication ltd.

Smith, Mark. K. 2008. ‘What is group works?’ (Online). Retrieved on 3 February 2010 from www.infed.org/groupwork/.

Yunfeng, Zhang. 2005. ‘Task type and teacher’s role: two important factors in effective group learning’. (Online). Retrieved on 3 February 2010 from www.ct-net.net/tc-sample6-3.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.33508/bw.v7i2.1940