The Effect of Project-Based Learning on Reading Comprehension Achievement of Junior High School Students

Nita Ariani


This research investigates the effectiveness of project-based learning in enhancing students' understanding abilities in the context of English language learning. Many students face challenges in achieving high levels of proficiency in comprehending written texts. To address this issue, the study explores the impact of project-based learning, which involves authentic tasks, on improving students' overall comprehension skills. Utilizing a quasi-experimental design, the study was conducted with eighth-grade students at a junior high school in Surabaya, East Java. The experimental group received instruction in Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR), while the control group engaged in Project-Based Learning (PBL). The objective of this investigation was to assess the efficacy of project-based learning in fostering students' comprehension skills through rigorous statistical analysis. The findings reveal a positive influence of project-based learning on students' understanding levels. These results suggest that project-based learning is a recommended approach for teaching language skills, enabling students to enhance their comprehension abilities through engagement in authentic project tasks.

Save to Mendeley


Project-Based Learning; teaching reading descriptive text

Full Text:



Acat, B., & Dönmez, İ. (2009). To compare student-centered education and teacher-centered education in primary science and technology lessons in terms of learning environments. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1(1), 97-102.

Alavi, S. M., & Bordbar, S. (2012). A closer look at reading strategy use in the reading section of TOEFL iBT: A research report. Tehran University.

Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: RinekaCipta.

Barr, P. S., & Chinwonno, A. (2016). The effects of project-based reading instruction on English reading ability and intercultural communicative competence of undergraduate students. Journal of Education, 18(3), 27–44.

Brown, H. D. (2003). Language Assessment Principles and Classroom Practices. New York: Longman.

Chitchuen, P., & Sanpatchayapong, U. (2016). The English Reading Project to Enhance Reading Comprehension and Collaborative Learning for Grade 11 Students at a High School in Bangkok. Rangsit Journal of Educational Studies, 3(2), 21-34.

Fitri, M. E. Y. (2014, March, 30). Independent Samples T Tes. Retrieved from

Friska, Y. (2018). Improving students' reading comprehension of narrative text through project-based learning. ELT-Echo, 3(1), 47-58.

Grabe, W. P., & Stoller, F. L. (2013). Teaching and Researching Reading (2nd ed.). Taylor and Francis.

Grellet, F. (1986). Developing Reading Skills. Cambridge University Press.

Harmenita, R. Y., & Tiarina, Y. (2013). Teaching writing a descriptive text by using environmental observation strategy. Journal of English Language Teaching, 1(2), 29-38.

Hatch, E., & Farhady, H. (1982). Research design and statistics for applied linguistics. The University of California.

Kavlu, A. (2015). The effect of project-based learning on undergraduate EFL students' reading comprehension ability. Journal of Education in Black Sea Region, 1(1), 39-44.

Klingner, J. K., & Vaughn, S. (1998). Using collaborative strategic reading. Teaching exceptional children, 30, 32-37.

Larmer, J., Mergendoller, J., & Boss, S. (2015). Setting the Standard for Project-Based Learning. ASCD.

Matondang, Z. (2009). Validitas dan reliabilitas suatu instrumen penelitian. Jurnal Tabularasa, 6(1), 87-97.

McNamara, D. S. (Ed.). (2007). Reading Comprehension Strategies: Theories, Interventions, and Technologies. Psychology Press.

Phajane, M. H. (2012). Methods used for reading instruction at primary schools in the Bojanala Districts of North West Province (Doctoral dissertation).

Poonpon, K. (2017). Enhancing English skills through project-based learning. The English Teacher, 15, 1-10. KhonKaen University.

Razi, S. (2004). The effects of cultural schema and reading activities on reading comprehension. In Proceedings of the 1st International Online Conference on Second and Foreign Language Teaching and Research (pp. 276-293). USA.

Shiraz, M. P., & Larsari, E. E. (2014). The Effect of Project-Based Activities on Intermediate EFL Students' Reading Comprehension Ability. Journal of Effective Teaching, 14(3), 38-54.

Taylor, J. J. (2013). Confusing stats terms explained: Internal consistence. Stats Make Me Cry [blog], 8.

Thuan, P. D. (2018). Project-Based Learning: from theory to EFL classroom practice. In Proceedings of the 6th International OpenTESOL Conference (pp. 327-339).

Yuli, R. (2016). Teaching Reading Comprehension in Descriptive Text By using Lapbook (A Pre-Experimental Research on the Eighth Grade Students of SMP Negeri 1 Nanga Pinoh in the Academic Year of 2015/2016). Unpublished undergraduate thesis, IKIP PGRI PONTIANAK.

Zagoto, I. (2016). Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) for better reading comprehension. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni, 17(1), 65-74.

Zariah, N. (2011). The correlation between simple present tense mastery and ability in writing descriptive text of the first graders of SMPN 1 Kauman. Unpublished undergraduate thesis, STAIN TulungAgun